The last meeting of every month is designated for officer reports. All officers are required to give a monthly report on their activities as required by the current standing rules. Time will be allotted for meet & greet of prospective members at the beginning of the meeting, as well as a review of last meeting's minutes and wiki updates. The house may consent to hear emergency agenda items during this meeting [HM 2-24-19] .
Items may be posted on the meeting's agenda page on the wiki or in writing on the corkboard in the commons. Members must post agenda items by Friday at noon. The Steward will update the meeting's wiki agenda with any items posted in writing, and post a printed copy on the commons door by Saturday at noon. Items not posted on both agendas will not be presented at house meeting [HM 8-24-14][HM 1-18-15] [HM 4-22-18].
At the beginning of house meeting the minutes taker is responsible for reading the highlights of the previous meeting notes in order to ensure the accuracy of the notes. The minutes will then be accepted by consensus [HM 5-17-15].
Meetings are time-boxed to 2 hours, with 15 minute extensions allowed via a straw poll. Meeting facilitators may rearrange the order of agenda items to ensure the meeting runs efficiently. If there are agenda items that can not be addressed due to the time-box, they must be added to the next meeting's agenda if they are not withdrawn by the proposer [HM 7-6-14].
Once an item has been consented to, it cannot be revisited in the same agenda except as new business, where it cannot be changed. The only way to change an item that has been consented to is to add it to a future agenda [HM 12-21-14].
Non-members may not be present during any agenda items concerning contract breaks or membership reviews unless they are required for the proceedings. The house may grant a specific exemption for a non-member to be present during a meeting via consensus. [HM 2-15-15]
Minutes takers must email minutes to the mailing list and post them to the wiki within 48 hours of a house meeting's conclusion.[HM 8-27-17]
An officer may call for a committee meeting to decide on items under their purview. The house must be given 48 hours notice detailing the item(s) up for discussion and when the meeting will take place. During these 48 hours, members may request an item be brought to a house meeting instead, in this event a decision can not be made at the committee meeting on the specified item(s).
The ultimate goal and the bottom line is to make sure there are no gaps in occupancy. Our budget relies on having every room full all the time.
The person on the waiting list who was accepted earliest has priority for being offered the room/unit. However, among the accepted prospective members who respond, the person who can immediately move-in without a gap of unpaid for days, is able to immediately pay the full deposit and membership fees, and can pay rent on or before their date of move-in is the person given priority for actual move-in. Partner Organization prospectives, a current resident moving from another room/unit, associates that are not behind on labor, or general prospective members are on the waitlist, in that order, assuming for the latter three that they can also pay the full deposit, fees, and first month's rent before the move-in date [HM 8-18-13].
Associate members who have not performed their labor are ineligible for rental contracts until such a time when they have done enough make up labor for their missed hours. Paying labor fines does not make up for this. [HM 8-24-14]
The general order of the waitlist is as follows:
Unless otherwise excepted, the House may not sign a residential lease for a person to solely occupy a unit if such action would reduce the number of members residing at the House to a quantity fewer than 32. Exemptions shall be provided if a person requires a whole unit as a reasonable accommodation for disability, receives assistance via a partner organization, has legal dependents, is pregnant, or is in the process of adopting a child [HM 10-11-15].
In the case that the person given priority for move-in is requesting an entire unit, the Membership Coordinator will facilitate their move-in and the signing of a lease as such. Leases should be signed 30 days before the unit is due to come open.
In the case that the person given priority for move-in is requesting a single room, the Membership Coordinator will spend a reasonable amount of time seeking to find them a roommate, with the expectation of having a lease signed for the room by all occupants at least 30 days prior to its opening. The secondary roommate must also be an accepted prospective member. Similar prioritization guidelines will be taken into account as for the person given primary priority.
Considerations for prioritizing roommate applicants:
If 5 weeks before the room is scheduled to open no acceptable roommate can be found from the pool of accepted prospective members, the Membership Coordinator will instead seek to fill the room with an applicant requesting an entire unit OR an alternate set of roommates [HM 8-18-13].
When a member moves out at the end of their lease, the Treasurer will calculate how much of their security deposit (and any other credits) is due back to them and refund it within 30 days of the end date of their lease.
If a member breaks their contract, the Treasurer will calculate and refund anything due back to them within 30 days of the actual move out date, or if a decision is made to waive a rent liability or fee (see below,) then within 30 days of that decision being made.
The Membership Coordinator will determine and communicate to the Treasurer, within 10 days after move out, how much a member who moved out should have deducted from their security deposit for any issues with the condition they left their unit in. The Treasurer will deduct these, as well as any rent liabilities and fees that a member who broke contract is liable for (see more below), out of their security deposit and/or any unused rent they’d paid.
If a member needs to break their contract, they need to inform the Membership Coordinator as soon as possible.
Members who break their contract will be charged a $100 contract break fee, regardless of how much notice is given.
If a member breaking contract gives the Membership Coordinator at least 40 days notice, they are not liable for any rent beyond the day they actually move out.
If a member breaking contract gives the Membership Coordinator less than 40 days notice, they are liable for exactly 40 days worth of what remains of their lease, calculated from the date that notice is given, regardless of the date they actually move out.
This additional rent liability for failing to provide 40 days notice must be waived when due to draft by military, medical causes with note from a doctor (MD), domestic violence, or due to unacceptable behavior of the roommate as determined by a Member Review.
This additional rent liability for failing to provide 40 days notice can also be waived by the Membership Coordinator if they think there are extenuating circumstance which warrant it.
Membership Coordinator must inform the house via e-mail, and posting to next meeting's new business. The Membership Coordinator’s decision to waive this liability (other than the circumstances where it must be waived) can be overturned by a simple 50% majority of a house vote.
Any amount owed by a member breaking contract, including the $100 contract break fee, can also be waived by a 75% affirmative vote at a house meeting, or as a last resort by the Board [HM 03-07-21]
A membership review is a public review at a house meeting of a member's actions or behavior. A membership review can result in a vote to evict a member from the house, can result in the house requesting a behavioral contract of the member, or in no action being taken at all.
It is the expectation of the cooperative that members will first address conflict with each other through other courses such as dialogue or conflict mediation.
Any three members of the house may call a membership review of any member. A membership review is called by writing it on the meeting agenda and publicly posting the reasons for the review by Friday at noon before the meeting. The Meeting Chair will ensure that the meeting discussion adheres to the publicly posted reasons for the review. The Steward will ensure that house policies regarding eviction meetings are followed if necessary and will inform the membership and the member being reviewed of all relevant policies .
The member being reviewed has a right to address fully all of the reasons for the review .
After discussing all of the reasons for the review, the Chair will ask the member being reviewed to leave the room while the meeting discusses whether to call for a vote to remove them from the house or ask for a behavioral contract, the nonfulfillment of which will result in removal (see below.) While the member is out of the room, no new issues should be brought up. If any new issues are brought up, then the member will be called back into the room and given the chance to address those issues.
The Chair will first ask for a straw poll to determine which option the majority of members are interested in: eviction, behavioral contract, or no action. The action receiving a plurality of votes will be discussed first. A single member may call for a vote to initiate the action. An eviction requires an affirmative vote by 3/4 of the members present, except in the case of a member having broken a behavioral contract, in which case a simple majority is required. Other kinds of actions require a simple majority to pass.
In the case of a vote for eviction, the vote will take place while the member is out of the room. The member being reviewed can come back into vote before leaving the room again.
The vote will be a secret vote, tallied by the Meeting Chair and the Steward. The vote can be taken on paper ballots, prepared by the Meeting Chair.
In the case of a behavioral contract, discussion of the terms can take place with and/or without the member being reviewed present. A behavioral contract may contain more than one required behavior. Each condition must be voted on separately and must be worded in terms of specific, observable behavior. If the meeting votes to allow the member continued membership under a behavioral contract, the Steward is in charge of drafting such a contract which should be brought for approval to the next house meeting.
The member being reviewed does not have to be in attendance at the meeting to be evicted from the house or to have their membership revoked. The member being reviewed may write a response, which will be presented at the meeting, if they are unable/unwilling to attend the meeting.
If the meeting votes to remove the member from the house, then the member's membership will be revoked and eviction proceedings will begin.
If a member believes that the member under behavioral contract has violated this contract at any point during its duration, they can bring it to a house meeting as such. There is no need to go through the membership review procedure again at this point. The membership will simply discuss and vote on whether the member breached their contract. An affirmative vote of a simple majority will result in eviction [HM 10-6-13].
Associate members must go through the standard membership acceptance process, and may be denied membership only for the reasons outlined as acceptable for denial of prospective resident members. Unlike resident members, associate members may contract for membership on a month-to-month basis.
Associate members may not spend the night in common areas except under extenuating circumstances, such as sickness or inclement weather. They may not store items in common areas without approval of the house. Otherwise, associate members have the rights of resident members except where outlined below [HM 5-19-13].
Associate members are obligated to do one hour of labor a week. These members have access to the courtyard, garden space, grounds, can run for coordinator positions, and are entitled to full participation at all meetings including a vote. [HM 8-2-15] [HM 1-24-16] [HM 5-19-13][HM 3-23-14]
On the 21st of the month, Associates with an outstanding balance of over $100 shall have their Associate Membership Contract terminated [HM 8-2-15].
Associates are not obligated to participate in Labor Holiday. Any work done by an associate for Labor Holiday will be logged as surplus hours. [HM 11-26-17].
If, 6 weeks before their contract ends, a member will not guarantee that they will renew their contract, the Membership Coordinator will start advertising that the member's room will open up soon. The member can renew their contract at any time then, but if someone signs a contract for the room before they do, then they must either move out or, if other rooms are available, switch rooms. If the member's contract is not renewed a month before the end of the contract period, the Membership Coordinator will advertise their room and let someone else sign for their room (after first giving them a chance) [HM 6-23-13].
If at the end of a member's contract they have not re-signed a contract their membership will be revoked and a 30 day notice to vacate will be given [HM 3-8-15].
Membership coordinators shall not be permitted to sign their own lease as an agent of the House. For this instance, such duty shall be carried out by any current House officers or members of the CHEA Board, provided that they do not reside in the same unit as the Membership Coordinator [HM 9-27-15].
Members that have started a payment plan within the last 2 months of their contract are only eligible for a 3 month renewal. If a member becomes delinquent on the payment plan they may not sign another contract or payment plan without house approval [HM 8-17-14].
Any member who leaves the co-op not in good standing cannot sign a new contract until they have returned to good standing [HM 8-2-15].
If, on the 16th day of a month, a member is overdue on an amount of at least $100, the member has fallen out of good standing with the coop and is considered “Not in Good Standing” (NGS). In order for the NGS member to return to good standing, he or she must contact the Bookkeeper and reach an agreement on a payment plan. The Bookkeeper may also reach out to NGS members to assist them in returning to good standing.
If, by the 21st day of the month, a payment plan agreement is printed and signed by the NGS member, or the amount due plus any late fees have been paid in full, the member returns to good standing. Otherwise, the member is to be given a notice to vacate. A member who has violated the terms of a payment plan agreement is also no longer in good standing and is to be given a notice to vacate. The Bookkeeper must post the notice to vacate and also announce its occurrence on the official coop mailing list by the end of the 21st day of the month.
An notice to vacate given to an NGS member for financial reasons may be rescinded by one of the following means, before the time limit to vacate (as written on the notice) has expired:
On the 21st of the month, Associates with an outstanding balance of over $100 shall have their Associate Membership Contract terminated.
Any member who leaves the co-op not in good standing cannot sign a new contract until they have returned to good standing [HM 8-2-15].
Fines for infractions committed by a member in a single month (late payments, no-shows, etc.) shall be capped at $75. This does not include bounced check fees or recompense for coop property loss or damage. Over $75 in fines may still be levied in a single month so long as a single month's infractions do not account for more than $75 of the total amount levied. Members may request past fines be reduced to $75 per single month's infractions. Such requests must be sent to the house treasurer.[HM 9-23-18] [HM 12-12-21]
Payment plans may be offered to or requested by residents with outstanding balances as a means to pay off their debt over a period of time and avoid potential eviction. Such agreements must be signed by both the resident, and the Bookkeeper, Treasurer, or Steward on behalf of the house.
Officers shall not be permitted to authorize, without house approval, a payment plan:
When you purchase something for the coop, write the following on the receipt, then take a picture and email it to email@example.com. [HM 04-05-20]
If one receipt has two categories, write the breakdown on the receipt for each category.
This policy is to be on display above the rent/receipt box in the commons.
A member may receive an expense reimbursement from the house only after all receipts are turned in and both the treasurer and the expense bookkeeper have approved.
Anyone current on their payment plan will not have their name listed.
Records of this data shall be retained, and shall be made available to members on request [HM 7-27-14].
A member must receive a printed notice within 48 hours of being fined by the house if either:
The member's email address is not on file in the house electronic bookkeeping system, or
The member has informed the bookkeeper in writing that they prefer to receive physical notices.
If the time period of an eviction notice has expired, and the evicted tenant has not vacated, the Steward must announce this occurrence on the official coop mailing list the day of the notice period's expiration. The Steward or another member appointed by the Steward must also file an eviction suit within three business days following expiration of the notice period [HM 9-14-14].
All residents of La Reunion cooperative are expected to perform four hours of labor per week, the nature of which is negotiated with the Labor Czar(s). The kinds of labor to be performed as well as the required amount of labor to be performed by members is at the discretion of the Labor Czar(s).
A member may be temporarily excused from labor obligations for a given week as long as that member gives the Labor Czar(s) advance notice; the member is still responsible for making up the obligation in a timely fashion. If a member fails to perform a given labor assignment, or performs the assignment inadequately, the member may be liable for a fine or increased labor obligations to compensate the house [HM 5-12-13].
A list of common labor positions and what is to be expected of them can be found here.
Members with disabilities must be accommodated when given labor assignments. Where appropriate and at the discretion of the labor czar, reasonable adjustments should be made to predefined labor tasks. An accommodation in the form of a labor credit may be granted but must be approved by the house. If an accommodation-related decision is challenged by another member, it should be brought to a house meeting for review [HM 1-18-15].
Penalties (including but not limited to no-shows and labor fines) from any labor hours missed while a member is in a hospital, including a psychiatric hospital, shall be waived [HM 9-27-15].
Members with children under the age of 18 living with them full-time may opt to receive a labor credit of one hour per child, up to a maximum of two hours [HM 1-14-18].
A member may issue a no-show to another member for not performing an assigned task or for performing it inadequately. A no-show must be communicated to the Labor Czar(s) and it is the Labor Czar's responsibility to ensure the house is informed.
If the defendant disputes the no-show, they may discuss this with the Czar(s) who will then decide the validity of the no-show.
If a blind member is not notified electronically within one week of the no-show being posted, then it is not a valid no-show. [HM 2-22-15]
Any no-shows not reported within 90 days of when the report is due are considered invalid. If a report is 90 days late the Labor Czar will be automatically officer reviewed.[HM 10-7-18]
If a member receives 8 no-shows in one month or 10 over two months, an automatic membership review of that member will be placed on the upcoming agenda by the Steward or another coordinator. This does not include no-shows that have been rescinded or hours owed as part of a labor plan. Neither makeup hours nor payment of labor fines resolves no-shows for the purposes of this procedure. [HM 10-7-18] [HM 10-14-18]
As of [HM 04-05-20], We will not process no-shows for members who refuse to do cooking, DCU, events, commons clean, or non-essential maintenance.
From the first day of the month to the last day of the month all labor is tracked and labor czars have until the 15th of the following (second) month to determine and inform the house of no-shows.
Members behind on labor are encouraged to talk to the labor czars about getting on a “labor plan” to resolve their outstanding labor debts.
If labor hours are not made up within 30 days from notification of a no-show the hours will convert to fines to be paid with the next month's rent. This does not apply to members on active labor plans that are in good standing [HM 11-23-14].
Labor credit received in exchange for in-kind donations to the cooperative is limited to three (3) hours monthly. [HM 08-28-16]
Banked surplus labor hours will be capped to 16 hours for a member. [HM 3-1-15]
Members shall be allotted 8 vacation hours per calendar year. [HM 1-1-17] Members may spend vacation hours to be released from their regular labor responsibilities. Members are not required to use vacation hours consecutively.
To use vacation hours a Member must give at least one week's advance notice to the labor czar of the date(s) and labor(s) they want to have covered by available vacation hours [HM 12-13-15].
If a member receives one or more no-shows then a fine will be added to the members' dues for the next month. Members are still liable for labor fines received even if they move out.
When assessing fines or rebates, each hour of labor will be worth $10.
A member may earn dues rebates by performing extra labor; earning a rebate for “sold” labor is not allowed. Extra labor tasks proposed for a rebate must be approved by the Labor Czar(s) in advance, or accepted by a majority vote at a house meeting. A member may not earn more than $200 of rebates in a given month [HM 5-12-13].
If two members trade labor they will not be liable for their usual assignments but instead for the labor they received in the trade provided they give advance notice to the Labor Czar(s).
If a member (Purchaser) “buys” labor from another member (Seller), the Purchaser is still liable for the labor and may receive a no-show if the labor is not performed adequately. A member can only “buy” an amount of labor equal to that which they are assigned by the labor czar(s).
The terms of a labor sale are solely the discretion of the two parties involved. Applicable city, state, and federal laws may apply [HM 5-12-13].
By the 15th of each month, the labor czars must publish the following statistics on the email list and in the commons:
Records of this data shall be retained, and shall be made available to members on request [HM 7-27-14].
To enact a Labor Plan, the co-oper seeking the Labor Plan must meet with the Labor Czar to discuss and sign a Labor Plan agreement.
Co-opers on a Labor Plan must check-in biweekly with the Labor Czar, this serves as a way to communicate labor needs and ensure Labor Plan is being followed. If Co-oper doesn't fulfill labor plan and is at or over the “automatic member review amount of no-shows” then a “member review” is triggered, unless illness or emergencies.
Officers are elected labor positions used to oversee and/or manage different aspects of the coop. A list of the current officer positions and what is expected of each can be found here.
Officers must conduct all house business on House provided email and other accounts that will be passed on to future holders of office [HM 7-26-15].
Officers are required to sign their emails with their name when using an officer account [HM 7-26-15].
Elected officer terms last for six months, except board representatives, who serve 1 year terms [HM 2-2-14] Elections shall be organized by the current term's steward. If for any reason the steward is not able to organize an election, the Labor Czar shall carry out this process instead. If the Labor Czar is also not able to organize an election, a quorum of any three elected officers shall carry out this process. [HM 10-4-20]
For the purposes of elections, clear notice to the house involves both email and notices posted to doors, with reasonable accommodations as necessary. Nomination and voting periods, along with where members may turn in their ballots, must be specified when elections begin.
Elections begin with a nomination period. Nomination sheets shall be posted in the commons for all electable positions. Anyone may nominate any member for a position. Nominations must be signed by the member nominated for the member to be considered a valid nominee for that position.
A nomination may be shared by two people, who must both accept it to be considered a valid nominee, and shall share the position if they win. A shared nomination is otherwise considered a single nominee in voting process rules.
Nomination sheets shall be up for at least a week. The end of the nomination period must be clearly notified to the house.
A member may only accept multiple nominations for elected officer positions if those positions' labor obligations sum to no more than five hours. If at the end of a nomination period a member has accepted nominations totalling more than four hours, the member is disqualified from running in that election.
If a member is nominated for more than five hours of officer positions in the present election, they shall be given the option of withdrawing from a sufficient number of contests to fall below the limit. [HM 12-10-17]
After an officer nomination period has concluded, the steward shall resolve any contest consisting of only a single candidate to a victory for that candidate. If, before a nomination period concludes, any two members of the house, including on the nomination form, inform the steward that they object to an automatic resolution of a contest, the steward must include that contest in the election. [HM 8-30-20]
Ballots must include both a space for write-in nominees and a no-confidence option for each position. A write-in is a vote cast by writing on the ballot the name of a member who would otherwise not be a valid nominee for that position.
Ballots shall be distributed to all members, with reasonable accommodations made for members with disabilities. Completed ballots must be either turned into the specified location in the commons or directly given to those organizing the current election. Only one ballot per person can be given. If a member cannot be reached then posting their ballot inside their unit is acceptable.
The time from the final ballot being distributed to the ballot turn-in deadline shall be at least a week. The ballot turn-in deadline must be clearly notified to the house.
Unless votes of no-confidence equal or surpass votes for the nominee, the nominee with the most votes shall be declared the victor. In the event of a tie, the winners may agree to share the position, or one may concede and allow the other to win. If neither of these occur a special election shall be triggered.
Results must be announced by email and posted to the commons door no more than 24 hours after the ballot turn-in deadline. Results are the victor’s names for each position. All vote totals must be available on request.
Special elections for positions are triggered:
If less than a week remains in the term when a position is vacated, no special election is called. If a shared position is vacated by one holder of the position, the position will continue to be filled by the other holder of the position, and no special election is called.
Special elections are similar to regular elections, with nomination and voting periods. During special elections nomination and voting periods may be as short as 3 days each, as long as the house is notified [HM 12-6-15].
Positions filled via a special election will still maintain their original end-of-term date, and shall be open for nominations at the next regular election [HM 7-5-15].
An Officer Review is a public review of an elected house officer's performance at a house meeting. An Officer Review can result in a vote to remove the Officer from their position. The house cannot end an officer's term prematurely by any means other than an Officer Review.
Any three (3) members of the house may call an Officer Review of any officer by publicly posting the reasons for the review by Friday at noon before the meeting.
The Officer being reviewed has a right to fully address all of the reasons for the review.
The Officer does not have to be in attendance at the meeting to be removed from office. The Officer being reviewed may write a response, which will be presented at the meeting, if they are unable or unwilling to attend the meeting.
After discussing all of the reasons for the review, the Chair will ask the Officer in question to leave the room while the meeting decides whether to call for a vote to remove them from office. While the Officer is out of the room, no new issues will be brought up. If any new issues are brought up, then the Officer will be called back into the room and given the chance to address those issues.
The vote will take place while the Officer is out of the room.
The vote will be a secret, written vote, tallied by the Meeting Chair and the Steward. The vote can be taken on paper ballots, prepared by the Meeting Chair.
If 3/4 of the members present vote to remove the Officer from office, then that person will be removed from the position for the remainder of their term.
In the case of an affirmative vote to remove an Officer from office, members present at the meeting can discuss and select someone to take over that officer's duties until a special election can be organized.
The house dedicates labor toward providing a meal each day: Dinner six days a week, and a brunch on Saturdays. The schedule for these meals are as follows:
Dinner cooks must label their dishes with the following information:
The security video captured by our cameras belongs to the house as a whole and not to any one individual or officer. The viewing of the security video can be requested by the house or by any member. The security officer is responsible for facilitating access to the video. To provide a safeguard against misuse of the video, two members (one of which may be the security officer) must be initially present for video to be reviewed or copied [HM 3-23-14].
Smoking of anything that can produce gas, including e-cigarettes is not permitted. Does not include personal rooms if the door is closed [HM 1-26-14].
Members are expected to maintain a reasonable level of quietness during the defined hours. An acceptable guideline is that no member should be able to hear another member or their actions while inside their unit.
Quiet hours are as follows
Yellow Cards are to be used as an accountability system and record of behavior that is detrimental to the health of our community.
A yellow card consists of a member writing a short, specific description of problematic behavior that they attribute to a specific member or members. One additional member needs to also sign the yellow card for it to be accepted. It should then be submitted to the Yellow Card envelope in the Commons.
Examples of yellow card-able behavior include but are not limited to:
At least two members need to legibly sign off on a yellow card. Yellow cards can only be submitted after communicating concern to the member being yellow-carded and asking them to amend the behavior. This can be done through an intermediary if necessary. If doing so is not possible, the reason should be noted on the yellow card. Each separate instance of behavior is only eligible for one yellow card. If a member believes they were given a yellow card unfairly they can appeal the yellow card at a house meeting.
The Steward will check (or coordinate with another coordinator to check) the envelope on a weekly basis. They will inform a member that they have been yellow-carded within a week of seeing the yellow card, along with the Treasurer and Labor Czar. They must report this or arrange to have it reported to the House via a meeting.
Four yellow cards in a month, six in two months, or eight in six months triggers an automatic membership review. At least three signatures among the yellow cards are required to go forward with the membership review [HM 10-12-14].
Foods listed on the severe food allergen list maintained by the Kitchen Manager may not be stored, prepared, or served in the Commons unless it is cleared with the person who has the allergy beforehand.
Any changes made to the wiki regarding the documentation of house policy must be ratified by the house at the beginning of house meeting after meet and greet [HM 3-15-15].
All composting containers on the property must be securely covered and emptied in the composting pit daily [HM 8-2-15].
Each resident member is limited to two vehicles parked in coop parking spaces.[HM 9-23-18]
The Steward is authorized to order the towing of illegally parked vehicles, or to delegate this task to another member. The house must be notified via the mailing list before towing and later in the Steward's monthly report. Due diligence should be taken to determine an illegally parked vehicle's owner and to give the owner an opportunity to move their vehicle. [HM 9-23-18]